At the Intersection of Gender and Technology: A Meta-analysis

By Jihan Rabah, Vivek Venkatesh, Eugene Borokhovski, David Pickup, Wynnpaul Varela and Julien Mercier.

Published by The International Journal of Technology, Knowledge and Society

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The objective of this meta-analysis is twofold: first, to establish the relationship between gender and Information and Communication Technology (ICT) usage; and second, to establish the relationship between gender and attitudes towards the use of ICT, in the context of formal educational settings from elementary to postsecondary levels. After a systematic literature review, this research project synthesized the results of 213 studies and used random-effects meta-analytic techniques to evaluate gender differences in students’ reported usage and attitudes towards ICT in learning. Findings reveal significant gender differences between female and male students’ reported usage of ICT and attitudes towards ICT in favor of males. Average effect sizes ranged from small to moderate. The highest average effect size belonged to the construct of Computer Confidence where male students typically reported higher confidence with computers, with .38 standard deviations above the female students. The lowest effect size belonged to the construct of Perceived Satisfaction with ICT where male students typically reported higher perceived satisfaction with ICT, with .05 standard deviations above the female students. Finally, we discuss the contextual factors that impacted the results of the outcomes to differing degrees and conclude with educational and research implications.

Keywords: Gender Differences, ICT, Attitude, Usage, Meta-analysis

The International Journal of Technology, Knowledge and Society, Volume 13, Issue 3, September 2017, pp.1-32. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 952.304KB).

Dr. Jihan Rabah

Postdoctoral Research Fellow, Department of Education, Concordia University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada

Dr. Vivek Venkatesh

Associate Dean, Recruitment and Awards, School of Graduate Studies (July 2017 to July 2018), Concordia University, Montreal Quebec Canada. Associate Director, Centre for the Study of Learning and Performance (CSLP), Concordia University, Montreal Quebec Canada. Inaugural Director, Graduate Certificate in University Teaching, Concordia University, Montreal Quebec Canada. Associate Professor, Department of Education, Concordia University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada

Dr. Eugene Borokhovski

Systematic Reviews Project Manager, Centre for the Study of Learning and Performance (CSLP), Concordia University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada

David Pickup

Information Specialist, Centre for the Study of Learning and Performance (CSLP), Concordia University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada

Wynnpaul Varela

PhD Candidate, Department of Education, Concordia University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada

Dr. Julien Mercier

Professor, Department of Special Education, Director of the NeuroLab, University of Quebec in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. Adjunct Director, Centre for the Study of Learning and Performance (CSLP), Concordia University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada